Statutory assessment and moderation

Statutory assessment and moderation

teacher meetingLocal authorities have a statutory duty to moderate the teacher assessment judgements each year for a minimum sample of 25% of schools in key stages 1 and 2.

For Key stage 1, this requires the moderation of judgments in reading, writing, and maths, at key stage 2 moderation takes place for writing judgements only.

Local authorities also have a statutory duty to monitor the administration of key stage 2 (KS2) national curriculum tests and the phonics screening check.

The management of this process is delivered by Buckinghamshire Council.

Early Years Foundation Stage Framework for 2021/22:

Early Years foundation stage (EYFS) statutory framework – Gov.UK (download)

The Assessment and Reporting Arrangements for 2023 have been published for KS1 and KS2. 

This guidance is for schools, local authorities and governing bodies responsible for end of KS2 assessment, including KS2 tests.  The arrangements apply to maintained schools, maintained special schools, academies, free schools, Ministry of Defence (MoD) schools and participating independent schools with pupils in KS2.

The Teacher Assessment Guidance documents for KS1 and KS2. 

These support schools in making statutory TA judgements at the end of each key stage, and schools and local authorities in undertaking statutory moderation of these judgements:

The Access Arrangements Guidance for KS1 and KS2 2022 have also been published
Key Stage 2 Timetable Variation Guidance for 2021/22

Key stage 2 tests: varying the test timetable - Gov.UK (


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