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2019 Topic - Addressing violent Extremism

Addressing the Conditions Conducive to the Spread of Violent Extremism

The Member States of the United Nations consistently, unequivocally and strongly condemn terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, committed by whomever, wherever and for whatever purposes, as it constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security.

The poisonous spread of violent extremism has greatly troubled the international community over the last several years. Violent extremist groups are posing a direct assault on the United Nations Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and are undermining our efforts to maintain peace and security, foster sustainable development, promote the respect for human rights and deliver much needed humanitarian aid.

In recent years, terrorist groups such as ISIL, Al-Qaida and Boko Haram have shaped our image of violent extremism and the debate about how to address this threat. Their message of intolerance – religious, cultural, social – has had drastic consequences for many regions of the world. Holding territory and using social media for real-time communication of their atrocious crimes, they seek to challenge our shared values of peace, justice and human dignity.

On September 8th 2006, the United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution 60/288 and the United Nations Counter Terrorism Strategy came into force. The Strategy recognizes that there are four Pillars which need to be addressed if the international community is to end the threat of violent extremism around the world; Pillar One addresses the need to change the conditions that lead to the spread of violent extremism.

We resolve to undertake the following measures aimed at addressing the conditions conducive to the spread of terrorism, including but not limited to foreign occupation; oppression; violations of human rights; ethnic, national and religious discrimination; political exclusion; socio-economic marginalization; extreme poverty; lack of opportunities, while recognizing that none of these conditions can excuse or justify acts of terrorism.

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